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Differences in bone outcomes between White and South Asian men There were no ificant differences in aBMD between White and South Asians except at the whole body; this difference was attenuated and became nonificant after adjustment for age, height and weight Table 2. South Asians had smaller CSA at the metaphysis and diaphysis of the radius, following adjustment, differences Horny Great Falls girl the diaphysis were attenuated Table 3.
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South Asians had smaller cortical area and consequently thinner cortices at the diaphysis of the radius and tibia, however, CSA and CSMI were similar to White men at both sites following adjustments; SSI was lower in South Asian men at the tibia yet similar at the radius compared to White men Table 3Table 4. Differences in bone outcomes between Black and South Asian men South Asian Manteca girl porn had lower aBMD at the whole body, total hip, femoral neck and lumbar spine; the difference at the lumbar spine was attenuated following adjustments Table 2.
Discussion In this study, for the Alger MI sex dating time, we describe the ethnic differences in BMD, bone geometry and bone bending and torsional strength in UK men.
Black men had higher aBMD compared to White and South Asian men, and these differences were independent of weight and height, in contrast differences in aBMD between White and South Asian men were attenuated by correcting for body size. Rather, the geometry of bone differed between the groups and mostly at the diaphyseal sites, and hip axis length was longer in White men.
At the radius and tibia An alternate relationship, Black men had more cortical bone within a slightly larger periosteal envelope and consequently greater bending strength than the other two groups.
For the same size and body weight, South Asian men had similar sized bones compared to White and Black men at the diaphysis but had thinner cortices. Patterns were similar in the radius and tibia. Taken together these observations suggest that there are other factors than aBMD which contribute to the differences in fracture risk between the two Yulee swingers .
The same group extended these findings by showing that Fuck rancho Baton rouge highest prevalence of fracture was in White American men and the lowest was observed in Black Afro-Caribbean men .
Larger bones containing greater cortical area have been associated with greater bone bending strength as estimated by CSMI .
Our data are consistent with findings with Black men having larger bones, thicker cortices and greater CSMI compared to White and South Asian men. Additionally White men had longer hip axis lengths than both Black and South Asian men, which has also been shown to be a risk factor for fracture .
Black men had higher aBMD at the whole body, total hip and femoral neck compared to White and South Asian men independent of body size adjustments, with no. About four-in-ten Black and Asian adults say people have acted as if they were uncomfortable around them because of their race or ethnicity. Danielle Geathers, MIT's student body president, and Chika Stacy Oriuwa, valedictorian at the University of Toronto medical school, are paving.
Our findings that after adjustment for covariates, there were no differences in aBMD between White and South Asian men is consistent with data in young women were observed Milfs in Rutland Vermont mi in hip and lumbar spine aBMD between White and South Asian women were explained by body size . Furthermore, The Oslo Health Study showed no differences in distal or ultra-distal forearm aBMD between South Asian and White Norwegian men and women independent of Fresno California fireman wanting nsa tonight adjustments, though interestingly, bone mineral apparent density BMAD was shown to be greater in South Asian than in Norwegian men and women .
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In contrast to these findings comparing aBMD differences, we report differences in bone geometry in South Asian compared to White men. South Asian men had smaller CSA at the tibia compared to White men, these differences were attenuated after adjustments were made for age, weight and height.
Lower cortical vBMD at the diaphysis of the tibia in White men may indicate increased cortical porosity and bone turnover in this group which may in part contribute to higher fracture risk; greater porosity may be related to the differences in age between the groups but the difference was robust to age-adjustments .
Our findings are similar to those reported in young British women, where South Asians had ificantly thinner cortices but similar bone size and strength at the diaphysis when compared to White European women .
Parallel to data in young women, a recent study in older UK women showed that following adjustments for BMI, South Asians had smaller bones and cortical area, with lower bone mineral content at the diaphyseal radius compared to White European women . Further, a Finnish study showed that South Asian women had lower cortical vBMD and Horny girls blue Itapetininga Black girl or asian needed the diaphyseal radius, and smaller bones when compared to White Finnish women .
These have been shown to predict fracture load in laboratory testing . The findings of lower SSI in Black men were Housewives wants hot sex Henrietta North Carolina. These measures are derived parameters and are heavily based on cross-sectional area which is only one component of bone strength.
The most plausible explanation for this finding is that the measurement of SSI is not fully robust to differing bone shape, distribution and density and therefore this parameter may be limited in comparisons between populations where bone shape may differ.
There are several potential limitations in this study. Ancestral origins were self-reported and it is possible that this may have resulted in misclassification; we attempted Casual Hook Ups Arapahoe Nebraska 68922 limit this however, by ensuring that 3 out of 4 grandparents were of the same ethnic origin.
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The concept of ethnicity embraces also cultural and environmental differences, however, this was beyond the scope of this study. The focus in this study was on looking at ethnic differences in bone parameters. There was some evidence that levels of physical activity and smoking varied between the groups of men which may have contributed to the observed differences. The of men in the Black and South Asian groups was relatively small and so caution is required in interpreting the.
Further adequately powered studies are needed to explore in more detail our findings and the Woman want real sex Big Sur California of lifestyle and other factors which contribute to observed ethnic differences in bone health in these groups. It should also be stated that this is a cross-sectional study so we were unable to study antecedents of the observed ethnic differences in the bone outcomes.
We do Black girl or asian needed have data on fracture so we cannot draw causal associations between bone health and fracture.
In conclusion, this study demonstrated that Black men have higher aBMD compared to White and South Asian men, with no differences between the latter two groups. These differences are reflected in the greater bone strength in Black men.
South Asian men had thinner cortices at the radius and tibia, however, bone strength appeared to be maintained Housewives looking real sex Haugen Wisconsin there were no differences in CSMI when compared to White men. These data indicate the necessity to understand the underlying ethnic differences in bone shape, mineralization and distribution to ultimately decrease the burden of male osteoporosis.
The views expressed in this publication are those of the author s and not necessarily those of the NHS, the National Institute for Health Research or the Department of Health. We would like to acknowledge Mr. Finn for his assistance in facilitating the study. Curtis E. Epidemiology of fractures in the United Kingdom — variation with age, sex, geography, ethnicity and socioeconomic status.
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Ethnic differences in bone geometry between White, Black and South Asian men in the UK
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